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Read e-book online Anaphora in Celtic and Universal Grammar PDF

By R. Hendrick

ISBN-10: 9400927193

ISBN-13: 9789400927193

ISBN-10: 9401077258

ISBN-13: 9789401077255

This booklet relies largely on fieldwork that I performed in Brittany and Wales in 1983 and 1985. i'm grateful for a Fulbright Award for examine in Western Europe and a college improvement Award from the college of North Carolina that funded that fieldwork. lowe a much less tangible, yet no much less actual, debt to Steve Anderson, G. M. Awbery, Steve Harlow and Jim McCloskey whose paintings at first sparked my curiosity, and led me to adopt this undertaking. i need to thank Joe Emonds and Alec Marantz who learn parts of bankruptcy three and five. i'm fairly thankful although to Kathleen Flanagan, Frank Heny and nameless referees who learn a dyslexic and schizophrenic manuscript, delivering me with criticisms that better this ultimate model significantly. The Welsh nationalist group in Aberstwyth and its Breton coun­ terpart in Quimper helped make the time I spent in Wales and Brittany efficient. i'm indebted to Thomas Davies, Partick Favreau, Lukian Kergoat, Sue Rhys, John Williams and Beatrice between others for sharing their wisdom in their languages with me. Catrin Davies and Martial Menard have been in particular sufferer and valuable. with out their assistance this paintings may were infinitely poorer. i'm hopeful that this ebook may also help stimulate extra curiosity within the Celtic languages and tradition, and help, even in a small manner, these in Wales and Brittany who fight to maintain their language and tradition strong.

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Additional resources for Anaphora in Celtic and Universal Grammar

Sample text

Wedi brifo yn hun. (40) a. Rydw i be-PRES-lSNG PRT hurt myself I've hurt myself. wedi brifo. b. * Rydw i be-PRES-lSNG PRT hurt * I've hurt. c. Rydw i wedi brifo Ifor. be-PRES-lSNG PRT hurt I've hurt Ifor. d. Rydw i wedi brifo fe. be-PRES-lSNG PRT hurt him I've hurt him. With this much background on the distribution of the adjunct reflexive, we are able to construct an argument that Welsh null subjects are, in fact, syntactically present pronouns. Sentences like (41) occur grammatically in Welsh.

See-PAST-lSNG to that see-PAST-3SNG the table I saw Juan was setting the table. b. *Vi a Juan que el pollia la mesa. see-PAST-lSNG to that he set-PAST-3SNG the table I saw Juan was setting the table. Because the embedded clause contains agreement, the empty category subject of that clause is governed and cannot be PRO. Furthermore, it cannot be an anaphoric trace (from NP-movement) because it would violate Principle A of the Binding Theory, and it cannot be a variable (from Wh-movement) because it is A-bound.

Presumably the reciprocals exhibit the unmarked distribution since it is difficult to imagine how such a restriction could be acquired on the basis of primary data made up exclusively of grammatical strings. Neither reflexive nor reciprocals are able to fill the subject argument position of finite clauses: to do so would run afoul of Principle A of the Binding Theory requiring that anaphors be bound by an argument antecedent in their governing category, under the reasonable assumption that the agreement inflection is not an argument.

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Anaphora in Celtic and Universal Grammar by R. Hendrick

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