By Oliver Leaman
Even if Islamic philosophy represents the most very important philosophical traditions on the earth, it has merely particularly lately started to obtain awareness within the non-Islamic international. this can be a new version of a profitable introductory e-book, extended and up-to-date to take account of modern scholarship. It makes a speciality of what's considered as Islamic philosophy's golden age, and may attract scholars and to any normal reader attracted to this philosophical culture.
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Extra info for An Introduction to Classical Islamic Philosophy
Although al-Ghaz¯al¯ı would no doubt have been horrified to find himself referred to as a philosopher, it is the interest and importance of his arguments which make it vital to include him in this book. A similar line of reasoning would justify Maimonides’ place. Although not a Muslim, his arguments are excellent examples of falsafa. The topics he is concerned with are often the same as those of falsafa and he has a well-developed skill of summarizing neatly the philosophical debate up to his time.
Maim¯un (Maimonides). He was born in Cordoba in CE and was obliged to leave when the Almohads drove the Jews and Christians out of the city. In he went to North Africa, but Almohad influence at Fez proved too great, and he finally travelled to Cairo, where he died in . Like so many of the fal¯asifa, Maimonides was a famous physician and author of medical texts, but he is still notable for his systematization and codification of the Jewish law. Our interest here is in the tantalizingly complex Guide of the perplexed, which he wrote for readers who had some knowledge of philosophy but who did not see how it could be made compatible with Jewish religious doctrine and law.
The argument that logic is the underlying structure of all language and texts, and that it must be understood if we are to be able to understand that prose came to have a long and distinguished history in the classical period of Islamic philosophy. At the centre of his Neoplatonic theory is the concept of emanation in the hierarchy of being. The First Being, God, is the source of the hierarchy and from it a second being emanates which is the First Intellect and the Second Being. In all, ten intellects emanate from the First Being.
An Introduction to Classical Islamic Philosophy by Oliver Leaman