By G. Roth (auth.), Dr. Peter Kruse, Professor Dr. Michael Stadler (eds.)
Ambiguity in brain and Nature is the results of cognitive multistability, the phenomenon during which an unchanging stimulus, frequently visible, offers upward push within the topic to an oscillating perceptual interpretation. The vase/face photo is among the most renowned examples.
In this e-book scientists from many disciplines together with physics, biology, psychology, maths and computing device technology, current fresh development during this attention-grabbing region of cognitive technology. utilizing the phenomenon of multistability as a paradigm they search to appreciate how that means originates within the mind by reason of cognitive methods. New advances are accomplished via employing suggestions akin to self-organization, chaos idea and complicated platforms to the newest result of mental and neurophysical experiments.
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Extra info for Ambiguity in Mind and Nature: Multistable Cognitive Phenomena
The phenomena just described are connected with the deformation of the landscape and are denoted as "nonequilibrium phase transition". This word has been coined, because there are systems in thermal equilibrium in which such transitions occur; an example is a ferromagnet, where the disordered motion of the individual elementary magnets becomes entirely ordered when the ferromagnet is cooled down beyond a critical temperature. In the case of synergetics, however, we are not dealing with systems in thermal equilibrium, such as a ferromagnet, but with systems far from equilibrium, which are called open systems.
In this volume. Part II Psychophysical and Phenomenological Approaches Multistability as a Research Tool in Experimental Phenomenology G. Kanizsa and R. Luccio Universita degli Studi di Trieste, Facolta di Lettere e Filosfia, Corso di Laurea in Psicologia, Via dell'Universita 7,1-34123 Trieste, Italy Abstract: Multistable situations can help us in understanding the processes in the visual system and in identifying rules, constraints, limits, ways in which extra perceptual elements contribute to the formation of visual objects.
The time during which one specific interpretation of an ambiguous figure is perceived, is called reversion time. Because in our approach it is connected with attention parameters, one may try to influence the reversion times by 38 H. Haken Fig. 15 Same as Fig. 14, but with respect to expressions of eyes Fig. 16 Example of a complex scene means of attention parameters. One possibility that I suggested a couple of years ago was to influence the attention parameters by drugs. In addition one may try to use reversion times to get insight into the emotional state of the test person.
Ambiguity in Mind and Nature: Multistable Cognitive Phenomena by G. Roth (auth.), Dr. Peter Kruse, Professor Dr. Michael Stadler (eds.)