By Imants Baruss, Stephen Vletas
Adjustments of cognizance is a clean and richly analytic research into the character of cognitive fact. Imants Baruss explores a number of manifestations of awareness with rational and empirical rigor starting with extra traditional states comparable to considering, dozing, dreaming and carrying on with on into hypnosis, trance, psychedelic stories, transcendence, and reports concerning loss of life. This entire assessment of altered states examines realization from the physiological, cognitive, and experiential issues of view. Readers will achieve from this attractive textual content an enriched figuring out of realization, truth, and the medical recreation.
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Additional info for Alterations of Consciousness: An Empirical Analysis for Social Scientists
191, emphasis removed). There were other approaches to introspection at the time but, in psychology, the whole discussion about introspection was extinguished in the early part of the 20th century with the rise of behaviorism. Psychologists became interested in the behavior evoked in an organism by specific stimulus situations and the manner in which stimulus–response associations could be changed (Hilgard, 1987). In his 1919 book, John Watson has said that “the reader will find no discussion of consciousness” (Watson, 1919, p.
Feinberg-Moss & Oatley, 1990), more research is needed to determine the extent to which it is meaningful and useful. For now, we can see that imagining a wise being can be a way of trying to generate some interesting ideas, and techniques such as the inner dialogue exercise can be means of attempting to harness our daydreams for creative expression, problem-solving, and personal growth. Psychoneuroimmunology Whether or not we can create psychological effects as a result of working with imagery, it appears that sometimes our thoughts can have effects on our immune systems as found in a field of investigation that has come to be known as psychoneuroimmunology (O’Regan, 1983).
For James, thoughts do not float freely but are always owned by someone, thereby presupposing the experienced presence of a personal self implied in consciousness3. But after emphasizing the “existence of personal selves” (W. James, 1890/1983, p. 221), James has gone on to deconstruct the self until the self ends up being interpreted as a passing thought that appropriates previously aggregated ideas about what one is like. In contemporary cognitive science, the self is the biological organism WAKEFULNESS 31 that a person actually is along with the mental representation of the biological organism and its attributes within a person’s information processing system.
Alterations of Consciousness: An Empirical Analysis for Social Scientists by Imants Baruss, Stephen Vletas