By Hans P. Binswanger-Mkhize, Camille Bourguignon, Rogier J. E. van den Brink
Regardless of 250 years of land reform around the globe, very important land inequalities stay, particularly in Latin the USA and southern Africa. whereas in those areas, there's close to consensus at the want for redistribution, a lot controversy persists round the best way to redistribute land peacefully and legally, usually blocking off development on implementation. This ebook specializes in the 'how' of land redistribution for you to forge higher consensus between land reform practitioners and let them to make larger offerings at the mechanisms of land reform.
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Additional info for Agricultural Land Redistribution: Toward Greater Consensus (Agriculture and Rural Development Series)
The end of colonialism triggered significant redistributions of land in the Middle East and North Africa (Algeria, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Pakistan, Syria, and Tunisia). These reforms were carried out to liberate the agricultural sector from “semifeudal” relics and sometimes to suppress the legacy of colonialism. Similarly, attempts to strengthen tenants’ and users’ rights—the so-called “landto-the-tiller” reforms—were pursued in India after independence (see chapter 9). In sub-Saharan Africa, the first land redistribution programs by an independent government were carried out in Kenya during the 1960s and 1970s (see chapter 3).
Hence, they generate more employment per hectare (or per unit of output) for the economy as a whole, an economywide advantage where unemployment is widespread. Increased access to land by family farmers also can lead to more vibrant local economies. Access to land provides a good social safety net, which induces more farmers to move into nonfarm businesses, given the higher risks associated with entrepreneurship. Family farmers also spend more of their income on locally produced goods and services than do large farms, creating a positive relationship between family farms and nonfarm incomes in the local economy.
Some people have expressed a genuine concern that it is impossible under this approach to acquire especially desirable farms that owners are unwilling to sell. It is true that there is no direct way under the WSWB approach to acquire specific parcels of land from owners who do not want to sell them. But there are indirect ways to influence the behavior of landowners who normally would be unwilling to sell their property, including the 22 AGRICULTURAL LAND REDISTRIBUTION imposition of a land tax (discussed previously).
Agricultural Land Redistribution: Toward Greater Consensus (Agriculture and Rural Development Series) by Hans P. Binswanger-Mkhize, Camille Bourguignon, Rogier J. E. van den Brink