By Reinhard Schulze
The Islamic international - these international locations the place Islam is the dominant or most crucial faith - encompasses territories as some distance aside as Morocco, Indonesia, Somalia and Bosnia, and contains a very different diversity of societies and cultures. Charting the 20th-century historical past of those societies, this booklet examines either what they've got in universal and their both profound alterations. Political swap presents the chronological framework for the e-book, yet is visible all through within the context of tradition and society. establishing with a survey of the influence of colonialism and its attendant modernism at the Islamic global, the writer strikes directly to discover the increase of bourgeois nationalism within the Nineteen Twenties and Nineteen Thirties, the period of independence pursuits (1939-1958), the complicated courting among Islamic cultures and the "republican" political tradition of the 3rd global (1956-1973), the reassertion of Islamic ideologies within the Seventies and Nineteen Eighties, and the problems surrounding the connection among Islamic tradition and civil society that experience ruled debate within the early Nineties.
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Extra resources for A Modern History of the Islamic World
The entire cultural framework of progress was to be put at the Orient’s disposal as a loan, of which the colonized countries could avail themselves without having their own rights to this culture. Railway 18 a modern history of the islamic world construction, the laying of telegraph lines and the development of new irrigation technologies in the Islamic countries were all marked as imports, as made in Europe. Muslims were not even allowed to create modernism on their own. 13 The Islamic world was in this way downgraded into a ‘backward culture’, a ‘culture without machinery’14 and Islam became the byword for the separation between Europe and the Orient.
9. 5 million Muslims. 10. 3 million Muslims. 11. 2 million Muslims. Total population: at least 160 million Muslims Independent States Ottoman Empire: 20 million Persia: 10 million Arabian Peninsula: (Najd, Shammar) 5 million Morocco: 4 million Afghanistan: 2 million Total population: ca. 41 million Muslims 25 26 a modern history of the islamic world After his death, the proceedings of Kawakibi’s fictitious congress were republished by Muhammad Rashid Rida, the chief editor of the al-Manar,36 the organ of the Egyptian Salafiya.
The Arabian peninsula was thus by 1900 divided into two clearly distinguishable spheres of influence. The Ottoman Empire – which appeared ready to give up its ‘unproductive’ Rumelian provinces, and, within the framework of a new ‘eastern orientation’, relied much more on its Arabian provinces – now controlled not only the Islamic holy sites of Mecca and Medina, but also the important internal Arabian trade from southern Iraq to the shores of the Red Sea. Kuwait and the eastern Arabian province of al-Ahsa became the starting point for a new Ottoman policy directed towards India.
A Modern History of the Islamic World by Reinhard Schulze