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A history of human anatomy - download pdf or read online

By T. V. N. (Vid) Persaud, Marios Loukas, R. Shane Tubbs

ISBN-10: 0398081042

ISBN-13: 9780398081041

ISBN-10: 0398081050

ISBN-13: 9780398081058

Many advances in drugs and surgical procedure might be at once associated with advancements in knowing the constitution and serve as of the human physique. through the 16th century, the examine of human anatomy turned an target self-discipline, in line with direct remark and medical rules. no longer strangely, the learn of human anatomy has stepped forward to its common recognition and popularity as a systematic self-discipline, crucial for the perform of recent medication. This revised and elevated variation offers anatomy from antiquity to the trendy instances. during this booklet, the authors current many students and academics; the time classes, locations, and influence in their paintings; controversies in anatomy; and advances within the self-discipline. those themes run the gamut from early pioneers within the artwork to the improvement of ideas that experience propelled the examine of anatomy to its present country. The authors have tried to offer the large photograph in regards to the old anatomists and activities that experience formed our present figuring out of what we now name scientific anatomy. This fantastically illustrated variation spans approximately 4 centuries of clinical heritage. It was once a interval of magnificent achievements in which many nice clinical personalities lived, made vital anatomical discoveries, and produced amazing treatises. With the sheer quantity of old anatomy literature on hand, the authors a a little bit eclectic and selective direction in providing the main major fabric during this paintings. As even now guy maintains to profit in regards to the constitution of his physique with new and noninvasive applied sciences similar to MRI, uncovering elements of the human anatomy by no means visible earlier than, the research of the historical past of anatomy as a result keeps along the learn of anatomy as a systematic self-discipline with no visible finish

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The first anatomists credited with this distinction were Herophilus of Alexandria (Greek: Ἡρόφιλος) (Dobson, 1925; Potter, 1976) and Erasistratus of Cos (Greek: Ἐρασίστρατος) (Dobson, 1927; Lloyd, 1975) although this assertion might not be entirely accurate in view of evidence of earlier human dissection in India and the Near East (Singhal & Guru, 1973; Hoernle, 1907; Qatagya, 1982; Uddin, 1982). In a room used solely for anatomical studies, these two physicians made many discoveries through the dissection of a large number of cadavers donated by their benefactors, Ptolemy Soter and Ptolemy Philadelphus.

Three cavities were described in the heart of animals: right, intermediate, and left, with perforations leading into the lungs (Van Praagh & Van Praagh, 1983). , 2008; Toledo-Pereyra, 2011). 27 28 A History of Human Anatomy Figure 27. ). ) Of these cavities, it is the right that has the most abundant and the hottest blood, and this explains why the limbs on the right side of the body are warmer than those of the left. The left cavity has the least blood of all, and is the coldest; while in the middle cavity, the blood, in regards to quantity and heat, is intermediate to the other two, being however of purer quality than either.

Alcmaeon carried out physiological studies aimed at unraveling the nature of sense perception. He considered man to be the only creature that has a sense of understanding along with perception, whereas other animals lack the former. , 2008). , 2010). , 2008). He postulated that external light and the liquid in the eyeball (vitreous humor) were essential for vision. , 2010). He described the ears and claimed that there is an empty space within; air 21 Figure 22. Statue of Asclepius, exhibited in the Museum of Epidaurus Theatre, in Greece.

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A history of human anatomy by T. V. N. (Vid) Persaud, Marios Loukas, R. Shane Tubbs

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